The American bison is also called buffalo but is not really a buffalo. These animals belong to the large hoofed animals of the bovidae cattle family.
These animals are found in the plains of the United States of America and Canada.
The male is generally larger in size as compared to the female. Both the male as well as the female bison have a large and rather distinctive hump on their back.
The collective name for a group of male and female bison is a herd.
A full grown bison weighs between 500 to 800 kg and can run at a speed of 35 mph. These animals can grow to a length of 10 feet.
Bisons usually feed on prairie grass and grasslands in the mornings and evenings and rest during the day. They require drinking water on a daily basis.
The mating season is from June to September. During this time, the dominant ‘bull’ maintains a small harem of females or ‘cows’ for mating.
In April or May of the following year, the female gives birth to a single calf. The male does not participate in the rearing of the calf.
The calves are born a lighter color and turn brown and develop the distinctive hump only after a few months.
If a bison’s tail stands straight up, be warned that it is going to charge!
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