1. A Student's Success Story
James Monroe was born in 1758 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, and was an excellent student at Campbelltown Academy, where he studied from 1769 to 1774. He was a dedicated student, and his hard work paid off - he was accepted to the College of William and Mary in 1774, where he studied law and government. Monroe went on to become the fifth President of the United States, serving from 1817 to 1825. He is remembered for his foreign policy, which became known as the Monroe Doctrine.
2. The Young Patriot Who Made History
At the young age of 18, James Monroe made the bold decision to drop out of college in 1775 to join the Continental Army. He was part of General George Washington's army at the Battle of Trenton, a pivotal battle in the American Revolutionary War. Monroe was one of the few soldiers to survive the battle, and his bravery and courage in the face of danger earned him the respect of his fellow soldiers and General Washington himself.
Also → Six Virginia Presidents
3. From Law Student to Statesman
James Monroe began his political career in 1782 when he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates. His mentor, Thomas Jefferson, had taken him under his wing and taught him the law, which enabled Monroe to make a successful transition from law student to politician. The following year, Monroe was elected to the Continental Congress, where he served until 1786. His time in the Continental Congress was instrumental in shaping his political career, as it provided him with the experience and knowledge necessary to become a successful statesman.
4. From Opponent to Strong Supporter of the Constitution
At first, James Monroe was not in favor of the Constitution, but after careful consideration, he eventually changed his mind and became a strong supporter of the document. He believed that the Constitution was the best way to ensure the safety and prosperity of the United States, and he was willing to put aside his initial reservations in order to ensure the success of the nation. Monroe's support of the Constitution was instrumental in its ratification and the establishment of the United States as a nation.
5. A Diplomat Who Made a Difference
In 1794, James Monroe was appointed by President Washington to serve as the Minister to France. This was a prestigious role, as Monroe was tasked with representing the United States in diplomatic negotiations with the French government. During his time in France, Monroe was able to successfully negotiate a number of important treaties, including the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. His diplomatic efforts helped to strengthen the relationship between the two countries and laid the groundwork for future diplomatic successes.
6. A Leader of Virginia
In 1799, James Monroe was elected Governor of Virginia, beginning a long and distinguished political career. He went on to replace the previous secretary under James Madison during the War of 1812, and held two cabinet posts under Madison's presidency. His tenure as Governor of Virginia was marked by his commitment to the state's interests, and his efforts to ensure the safety of its citizens during the War of 1812. Monroe's legacy as a statesman and leader of Virginia remains to this day.
7. Monroe's Monrovia: A Presidential Legacy
In 1816, James Monroe ran for president and won a landslide victory, making him the only U.S president to have a foreign capital named after him. This capital, Monrovia, is located in the African nation of Liberia and serves as the nation's administrative, legislative, and judicial center.
8. Monroe Doctrine: A History in Pictures
On December 2, 1823, James Monroe made a historic announcement to Congress that would come to be known as the Monroe Doctrine. This doctrine declared that the United States would not interfere in the affairs of European nations, and that any attempt by a European nation to colonize or interfere in the affairs of any nation in the Americas would be seen as a threat to the United States. This doctrine was a major milestone in the history of the United States, and it has had a lasting impact on the foreign policy of the United States.
9. A Dominant Prez Candidate
James Monroe was an incredibly successful presidential candidate, having run unopposed in the 1820 race and receiving an impressive 81% of the vote. This is one of the highest percentages of votes ever achieved by a presidential candidate, making Monroe one of the most dominant presidential candidates in history.
10. 5th President James Monroe Dies on July 4, 1831
On July 4, 1831, James Monroe, the fifth President of the United States, passed away in New York City. His death marked the end of an era, as he was the last Founding Father to serve as President. Monroe had served two terms in office, from 1817 to 1825, and was known for his foreign policy initiatives, such as the Monroe Doctrine. He was also a key figure in the American Revolution, having served in the Continental Army and as a delegate to the Continental Congress. His death was mourned by many, and his legacy continues to this day.