1. Syria's Climate
The climate of Syria is predominantly desert-like, with hot and dry summers from June to August and mild, rainy winters from December to February. In Damascus, the capital of Syria, snow or sleet can occur occasionally. Temperatures in the summer can reach up to 40°C (104°F), while in the winter they can drop to as low as 0°C (32°F).
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2. Syria celebrates National Day
On April 17th, 1946, Syria achieved a major milestone in its history when it gained independence from French control. This marked the end of a period of French rule that had lasted for nearly three decades, beginning in 1920 when the League of Nations granted France a mandate to govern the region. The independence of Syria was celebrated throughout the country, with citizens taking to the streets in joyous celebration. This day is now commemorated annually as Syria's National Day.
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3. A culturally diverse country with a rich history
Syria is a culturally diverse country, with the majority of its population being Arab (91%) and the remaining 9% being Kurds. The majority of Syrians are Muslim, with around 90% of the population being Sunni. This diversity of culture and religion has been a defining feature of Syria for centuries, and continues to shape the country today.
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4. Syrian Arab Republic: A Country of Diversity
The Syrian Arab Republic is a Middle Eastern country with an official language of Syrian Arabic. However, other languages are also spoken in the country, including Aramaic, Armenian, Kurdish, Circassian, and French. This diversity of languages reflects the country's rich cultural heritage, which has been shaped by its long history and its location at the crossroads of the Middle East.
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5. Syrian Pound
In Syria, the official currency is the Syrian Pound, which is divided into 100 qirsh. The Syrian Pound has been in circulation since 1919, and is issued by the Central Bank of Syria. It is widely accepted throughout the country, and is also used in some parts of Lebanon and Jordan.
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6. Ancient Damascus: One of World's Oldest Cities
The ancient city of Damascus, Syria, is one of the oldest cities in the world that has been continuously inhabited since its founding. Located in the southwestern corner of the country, Damascus is the capital of Syria and has been a major cultural and economic hub for centuries. It is home to a variety of architectural styles, including the Umayyad Mosque, which is one of the oldest and largest mosques in the world. The city is also known for its vibrant markets, which offer a variety of goods from all over the Middle East. Damascus is a city steeped in history and culture, and its importance to the region is undeniable.
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7. Syria's Stunning Railway Stations
Syria is a country renowned for its stunning railway stations, making it a popular destination for Shia pilgrims from Iran. With its intricate architecture and ornate designs, the stations are a sight to behold, and many of them have been around for centuries. From the grandiose Aleppo Central Station to the historic Damascus Railway Station, visitors can experience a unique blend of traditional and modern design. Not only do these stations provide a beautiful backdrop for travelers, but they also serve as a reminder of the country's rich history and culture.
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8. Syria's Textile Masters
Syria has long been renowned for its mastery of textile production. The ancient city of Damascus is particularly renowned for its Damask weaving technique, which involves intricately weaving patterns into cloth. This technique has become so famous that it has been adopted by many other countries, and is now a major part of the textile industry in Syria. The country is also known for its grading and weaving of textiles, which has been a major part of its economy for centuries.
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9. Syria's Agricultural Sector Keeps the Country afloat
Syria is a country with a diverse agricultural sector, producing a variety of crops such as wheat, cotton, barley, and lentils, as well as raising beef cattle. This agricultural output is a major contributor to the Syrian economy, which is heavily reliant on industries such as textiles, petroleum, beverages, and food processing. These industries are essential to the country's economic stability, providing employment and income for many Syrians.
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10. Syria's Economy is Strong
Syria is a major exporter of crude oil, fruits and vegetables, petroleum, cotton fiber and clothing, while importing machinery and transport equipment, metal and metal products, electric power machinery, food and livestock, chemical products, plastics, yarn and paper. This diverse range of exports and imports is indicative of the country's strong economy and its ability to provide for its citizens. Syria's exports are essential to the global economy, while its imports are necessary for the country's own development.
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