1. A Landlocked Country in Southern Africa
Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, bordered by seven countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia. Before gaining independence in 1964, Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia and was a British colony. The longest border Zambia shares is with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, stretching for 1,930 km.
2. Zambia's Capital, Lusaka, is a Major Economic Hub
Zambia, a country located in Southern Africa, has had two capitals in its history. The current capital, Lusaka, has been the country's administrative center since 1935, when it replaced Livingstone, which had been the capital since Zambia's founding in 1911. Lusaka is the largest city in Zambia, with a population of over two million people. It is a major economic hub, with a variety of industries, including manufacturing, finance, and tourism.
3. Zambia celebrates independence 64 years later
In 1964, Zambia achieved a momentous milestone in its history when it gained independence from the United Kingdom. This event marked the end of British colonial rule in the African nation, and the beginning of a new era of self-governance and self-determination. Zambia's independence was celebrated with a grand ceremony in the capital city of Lusaka, attended by dignitaries from around the world. The event was a symbol of hope and progress for the people of Zambia, and a reminder of the importance of freedom and democracy.
4. A Country of Strength and Resilience
Zambia is a country located in Southern Africa, and its name is derived from the Zambesi River, which translates to "heart of all". This river is the fourth-longest in Africa, and is a major source of water for the country. It is also a major source of hydroelectric power, providing electricity to many of Zambia's cities and towns. The Zambesi River is a symbol of Zambia's strength and resilience, and its name is a reminder of the country's importance to the region.
5. Zambia's Official Currency: The Kwacha
The Kwacha is the official currency of Zambia, a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It is divided into 100 ngwee and is issued by the Bank of Zambia. The Kwacha has been in circulation since 1968, replacing the Zambian pound. It is available in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500 Kwacha notes, as well as 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 ngwee coins. The Kwacha is a popular currency in the region, and is also accepted in some neighboring countries.
Also → Zimbabwe: A Country of Ruins
6. Zambia's Three Seasons
Zambia has three distinct seasons, each with its own unique weather. From December to April, the country is warm and wet, with average temperatures ranging from 25⁰C to 35⁰C. From May to August, the climate is cool and dry, with temperatures typically between 6⁰C and 24⁰C. This wide range of temperatures makes Zambia an ideal destination for travelers looking for a variety of climates and experiences.
7. A Country of Many Exports
. For over two millennia, Zambia has been a major source of iron and copper, with these minerals making up 64% of the country's exports. Other exports include electricity, tobacco, flowers, and cotton, while Zambia imports machinery, petroleum products, transportation equipment, fertilizer, electricity, foodstuffs, and clothing. This has enabled Zambia to become a major player in the global economy, with its exports and imports helping to drive economic growth.
8. Zambia's Many Vernaculars
Zambia is a country in Southern Africa where English is the official language. However, there are also many other vernaculars spoken in Zambia, such as Kaonda, Bemba, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, and Tonga. These languages are spoken by the various ethnic groups that make up the population of Zambia, and are an important part of the country's cultural heritage.
9. Victoria Falls: One of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World
Situated on the Zambesi River, Victoria Falls is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and is known to the African people as "Musi-o-Tunyi" - a name that aptly describes the thunderous roar of the cascading water. This awe-inspiring sight is a must-see for any traveler to Zambia, and is sure to leave a lasting impression.
10. Zambia's Nshima is a Popular Staple Food
In Zambia, Nshima is the staple food of choice. It is a porridge-like dish made from ground maize and water, and is eaten by the majority of the population. Nshima is a nutritious and filling meal, and is often served with a variety of side dishes such as vegetables, beans, and meat. It is a traditional dish that has been enjoyed in Zambia for centuries, and is still a popular choice today.
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