1. A Country of Vast Grassy Plains and Steppelands
Mongolia is a country of vast, dry grassy plains and steppelands, which are home to the traditional Mongolian lifestyle of livestock herding. This is a way of life that has been practiced for centuries, and is still the main source of income for 94% of the population, who are all ethnic Mongols. The country is renowned for its stunning landscapes, and the nomadic lifestyle of its people.
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2. Mongolia's Linguistic Heritage
Mongolia is a country with a rich linguistic heritage, with Khalkha Mongol being the official language and the primary language of 90% of its population. Other dialects spoken in the country include Russian and various Turkic languages, providing a diverse range of linguistic influences. This diversity of languages is reflective of the country's long and varied history, and is an important part of Mongolia's cultural identity.
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3. Rich Culture, Muslim Population
Mongolia is a country with a rich cultural heritage, and the majority of its population are Tibetan Buddhist Lamas. This is followed by a significant Muslim population, making up a large portion of the country's population. Buddhism has been a major influence in Mongolia for centuries, and its presence is still felt today in the form of monasteries, temples, and other religious sites. The Mongolian people are also known for their hospitality and respect for other cultures, making it a great place to visit and explore.
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4. A Country With a Harsh Continental Climate
Mongolia is a country with a harsh continental climate, characterized by very little rainfall and wide seasonal temperature variations. Winters in Mongolia are long and bitterly cold, with temperatures often dropping below -30°C. Summers, on the other hand, are short and hot, with temperatures often reaching above 30°C. This extreme climate makes Mongolia a challenging place to live, but also a unique and fascinating destination for travelers.
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5. Mongolia's Economy is Heavily reliant on its Mineral Mining Industry
Mongolia's economy is heavily reliant on its mineral mining industry, with tin, copper, gold, molybdenum and tungsten being the primary exports. Livestock and animal products, as well as textiles, also play an important role in the country's economy. The mining industry is a major contributor to Mongolia's GDP, with the minerals extracted providing a significant source of income for the nation. Additionally, the livestock and animal products, as well as textiles, are important sources of employment and revenue for the country.
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6. Ulaanbaatar, Tugrik Currency
Mongolia is a country located in East Asia, and its capital city is Ulaanbaatar. The official currency used in Mongolia is the Tugrik (also known as the Togrog), which is divided into 100 möngö. The Tugrik is the only legal tender in Mongolia, and is available in coins and banknotes. The coins come in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 möngö, while the banknotes come in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1,000, 5,000, and 10,000 Tugrik.
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7. The Land of the Nomads
Mongolia is the least densely populated country in the world, with an average of only 6 people per square kilometer. This is largely due to the fact that until the mid-20th century, the majority of the population led a nomadic lifestyle, travelling from place to place in search of food and resources. This nomadic lifestyle has left a lasting impression on the culture of Mongolia, and is still practiced by some of the population today.
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8. Visit Mongolia's Bogd Khan Park: Beauty & History
Mongolia is home to the world's oldest national park, the Bogd Khan National Park. Established in 1778, this park is a testament to the country's long and rich history. It is located in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and is home to a variety of wildlife, including the endangered snow leopard. The park is also home to a number of historical monuments, including the Bogd Khan Palace Museum, which was built in the late 19th century. The park is a popular destination for tourists, offering a variety of activities such as hiking, camping, and horseback riding.
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9. Mongolia's Top Export Destinations
Mongolia is a major exporter of a variety of goods, including apparel, copper, animal products and livestock, cashmere, wool, hides, fluorspar, coal, crude oil, and other nonferrous metals. Its main export partners are Hong Kong, China, India, Germany, and South Korea, with each country receiving a unique selection of goods from Mongolia. For example, Hong Kong imports apparel, copper, and animal products, while India receives cashmere, wool, and hides. Germany, on the other hand, imports fluorspar, coal, and crude oil, and South Korea receives a variety of nonferrous metals.
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10. Mongolia relies heavily on imports to meet its needs
Mongolia is a country that relies heavily on imports to meet its needs. From cars and fuel to food products and building materials, the country imports a wide variety of goods, including machinery and equipment, chemicals, cigarettes and tobacco, industrial consumers' goods, soap, detergents, and appliances. This diverse range of imports helps to ensure that the people of Mongolia have access to the products they need to live and work.
More facts on
- East Asian countries
- Northeast Asian countries
- Russian-speaking countries and territories
- Landlocked countries
- Countries in Asia