1. Peru celebrates its independence on July 28th
On July 28, 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain, marking the end of centuries of Spanish rule and the beginning of a new era for the South American nation. This momentous event was celebrated throughout the country, with citizens taking to the streets to cheer and wave flags in a show of national pride. The declaration of independence was the culmination of a long struggle for freedom, with many Peruvians sacrificing their lives in the fight for independence. Today, Peru continues to celebrate its independence every year on July 28th, a reminder of the country's proud history and its ongoing commitment to freedom.
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2. 70-Year Life Expectancy Thanks to Schools, Healthcare
Peru is a country with a high life expectancy of 70 years, despite 42% of its population living in poverty. This is largely due to its impressive schooling system and national health care system, which have enabled a literate population of over 90%. These systems have enabled Peru to provide its citizens with access to education and health care, allowing them to live longer and healthier lives.
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3. A Country of Natural Beauty and Cultural Diversity
Peru is a South American country that is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, and Chile to the south. This unique geographical position gives Peru access to a variety of cultures, climates, and landscapes, making it a popular destination for travelers from around the world. From the lush Amazon rainforest in the east to the majestic Andes Mountains in the west, Peru offers a wealth of natural beauty and cultural diversity.
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4. A Country of Diverse Climates with 28 Unique Climate
Peru is a country of diverse climates, with 28 distinct climates ranging from tropical to alpine. Unfortunately, due to its location in the seismic zone, earthquakes are a common occurrence in Peru, with the most recent major earthquake occurring in 2019. Despite this, Peru is a beautiful country with a rich culture and history, making it a popular destination for tourists.
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5. Peru's Most Impressive Ruins
Peru is home to the most impressive ruins of the Inca Empire, the largest empire in the world. The Inca Empire was a powerful and influential civilization that spanned across much of South America, and its ruins are a testament to its grandeur. The most famous of these ruins are located in Peru, and they include Machu Picchu, the Sacred Valley, and the Inca Trail. These ruins are a must-see for anyone interested in learning more about the Inca Empire and its legacy.
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6. Machu Picchu: The Most Visited Tourist Attraction in Peru
Peru is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World, Machu Picchu, which is the largest tourist attraction in the country, drawing in over 2 million visitors each year. This ancient Incan citadel, located high in the Andes Mountains, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers visitors a unique glimpse into the past. From the terraced stone structures to the breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape, Machu Picchu is a must-see destination for anyone looking to explore the wonders of Peru.
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7. Peru's Agricultural Heritage
Peru is a country with a rich agricultural history, boasting over 4,000 native varieties of potatoes cultivated in the Andes. These potatoes are just one of the many major agricultural products that Peru produces, including cotton, sugarcane, coffee, cocoa, and rice. These products are essential to the country's economy, and have been cultivated for centuries in the Andes.
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8. Mining and Fishing Are Vital to Peru's Economy
Peru is a country where mining and fishing are the primary sources of employment. These two industries provide jobs for thousands of people, and are essential to the country's economy. Mining is a major contributor to Peru's GDP, and the country is home to some of the world's largest copper, gold, and silver deposits. Fishing is also an important industry, with the country's coastline providing a rich source of seafood. Both industries are vital to the livelihoods of many Peruvians, and are essential to the country's continued economic growth.
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9. A culturally and religiously diverse country
Peru is a culturally and religiously diverse country, with Spanish as the main language spoken. The capital and largest city, Lima, is home to a variety of religious denominations, including Greek Orthodox, Catholic, and Baptist. This diversity of faith is reflective of the country's rich cultural heritage, and is a testament to the strong sense of community and acceptance that exists in Peru.
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10. Peru's Amazon Rainforest is a paradise for nature lovers
Peru is home to an incredible array of wildlife, particularly in the Amazon Rainforest. With over 1816 species of birds, 3500 species of orchids, and 3532 species of butterflies, the Amazon Rainforest in Peru is a paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike. From the majestic Andean Condor to the vibrant Morpho butterfly, Peru's Amazon Rainforest is a must-see destination for anyone looking to experience the beauty and diversity of the natural world.
More facts on
- Andean Community
- Countries in South America
- Spanish-speaking countries and territories
- Former Spanish colonies