1. Lima's 1687 Earthquake Still Resonates 500 Years Later
In 1687, a devastating earthquake of magnitude 8.4-8.7 struck Peru, wreaking havoc on the cities of Lima, Callao and Ica. The quake caused widespread destruction, claiming the lives of an estimated 5,000 people. The effects of the earthquake were felt across the region, with buildings and structures crumbling and roads and bridges destroyed. The tragedy left a lasting impact on the people of Peru, and the city of Lima was left in ruins.
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2. Four Different Types of Cuisine to Choose From
Lima is a foodie's paradise, with four distinct types of cuisine to choose from. Chifas are Chinese-Peruvian fusion restaurants, offering a unique blend of flavors. Creole food is a mix of Spanish, African, and indigenous Peruvian ingredients, while Cebicherias specialize in seafood dishes. Finally, Pollerias serve up traditional Peruvian rotisserie chicken. No matter what your taste buds are craving, Lima has something to offer.
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3. Lima boasts an abundance of sunshine!
The city of Lima is blessed with an abundance of sunshine, boasting an impressive 1,284 hours of sunshine each year. This is a great opportunity for locals and visitors alike to enjoy the city's many attractions, from its stunning beaches to its vibrant nightlife. With such a high number of hours of sunshine, Lima is the perfect destination for those looking to soak up some rays and experience the city's unique culture.
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4. Peru's Capital of Temperate Climates
Lima, the capital of Peru, is located in the tropics, giving it a temperate climate with very little rainfall. During the winter months, the city is often blanketed in fog, providing a unique atmosphere and a beautiful sight for visitors. Despite the lack of rain, Lima is a vibrant city with plenty of activities and attractions to explore.
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5. Lima declared world heritage site
In 1988, the Historical Centre of Lima was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO, recognizing its immense cultural and historical significance. This area of Lima is home to a variety of important landmarks, including the Plaza Mayor, the Cathedral of Lima, and the Palacio de Gobierno, all of which date back to the 16th century. The area also contains a number of museums, churches, and other monuments that are important to the city's history. The declaration of the Historical Centre of Lima as a world heritage site by UNESCO is a testament to the city's rich cultural heritage and its importance in the region.
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6. The Capital of Peru
Founded in 1535, Lima was given the nickname 'Ciudad de los Reyes' or 'City of Kings' due to its status as the capital of the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. This nickname was a reference to the city's importance as the seat of power for the Spanish monarchy in the region. The city has since grown to become the largest in Peru, and is now home to over 8 million people.
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7. Lima Chosen to Host 2019 Pan American Games
In 2013, Lima was chosen to host the 2019 Pan American Games, the world's third-largest international multi-sport event. This event will bring together athletes from 41 countries in the Americas to compete in 39 sports, including traditional Pan American sports such as basketball, soccer, and volleyball. The event is expected to draw thousands of spectators to Lima, providing a major boost to the city's economy and international profile. Lima is already preparing for the event, with construction of new venues and infrastructure underway.
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8. 8M in Arid Desert City, 5th Largest in Americas
Lima, the capital of Peru, is the second largest desert city in the world, following Cairo in Egypt. Located on the country's central coast, Lima is home to over 8 million people and is the fifth most populous metropolitan area in the Americas. The city is situated in the Sechura Desert, which is part of the larger Atacama Desert, the driest desert in the world. Despite its arid climate, Lima is a vibrant city with a rich cultural heritage, boasting a variety of museums, galleries, and other attractions.
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9. Lima, Peru: Home to the oldest functioning university in the Americas
Lima is home to the oldest functioning university in the Americas, the National University of San Marcos. Founded in 1551, this university has been providing education to students for over four and a half centuries, making it one of the oldest universities in the world. It is a major center of learning and culture in Peru, and has produced some of the country's most influential figures.
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10. Lima's Walls Keep Out Pirates and Privateers
In the late 17th century, Lima was under threat from pirates and privateers, so the city took action to protect itself. Between 1684 and 1687, walls were built around Lima to keep out the marauders. The walls were constructed with a combination of stone, adobe, and brick, and were up to 10 feet high in some places. The walls were also equipped with watchtowers and cannons, providing an extra layer of defense. The walls were a success, and Lima was able to remain safe from the pirates and privateers.