Peru declared its independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.
The average life expectancy in this country is 70 years. The percentage of poverty is 42%. Peru has a literate population above 90%, with an impressive schooling system and an equally national health care system.
Peru borders the Pacific Ocean and Ecuador and Columbia to the North. It borders Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast and Chile to the South.
It does not have a uniform climate and experiences 28 different distinct climates. Due to the location in the seismic zone, earthquakes are common occurrences.
Peru contains the most famous ruins of the Inca Empire which was the largest in the world.
Machu Picchu, one of the Seven Wonders of the World is the largest tourist attraction with over 2 million people visitors annually.
There are over 4,000 native varieties of Peruvian potatoes cultivated in the Andes. Major agricultural products are cotton, sugarcane, coffee, cocoa and rice.
Mining and fishing are the main sources of employment in Peru.
The religious presence is diverse and includes Greek Orthodox, Catholic and Baptist. Spanish is the main language spoken and Lima is the capital and largest city.
There are about 1816 different species of birds, 3500 species of orchids and 3532 species of butterflies that can be seen in the Amazon Rainforest in Peru.
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Is the third largest country in South America and located in the central portion of South America.
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