1. The Voronya Cave: The World's Deepest Known Cave
The Voronya Cave in Georgia is the deepest known cave in the world, plunging an astonishing 2,197 meters (7,208 feet) below the surface. This incredible cave system is located in the Arabika Massif of the Gagra Range in the Western Caucasus, and is part of the Abkhazia region of Georgia. It was first explored in the 1960s, and since then has been the subject of numerous expeditions and studies. The cave is home to a variety of unique species, including the world's largest known cave-dwelling spider.
2. The Golden Age of Georgian History
In the 12th and 13th centuries AD, Georgia flourished as the Kingdom of Georgia, reaching its peak in terms of political and cultural development. During this period, the kingdom was ruled by the Bagrationi dynasty, which was renowned for its patronage of the arts and sciences. This period saw the emergence of a distinct Georgian culture, with its own language, literature, and architecture. The kingdom was also a major regional power, controlling much of the Caucasus region and maintaining diplomatic relations with the Byzantine Empire and the Mongol Empire. This golden age of Georgian history was brought to an end by the Mongol invasions of the 13th century.
3. A Unique Country at the Intersection of Europe and Asia
Georgia is a unique country, located at the intersection of Europe and Asia, making it a transcontinental nation. Spanning an area of 69,700 square kilometers, it is bordered by the Black Sea to the west, Russia to the north, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. Georgia is a diverse country, with a rich cultural heritage, and is home to a variety of ethnic groups, including Georgians, Armenians, Azeris, and Russians.
4. T'bilisi: The Vibrant Capital of Georgia
T'bilisi is the vibrant capital of the country of Georgia, located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is the largest city in the country, with a population of 1.5 million people, and is known for its diverse culture, architecture, and nightlife. It is home to many historical sites, including the Narikala Fortress, the Metekhi Church, and the Sioni Cathedral. T'bilisi is also a major transportation hub, with an international airport, a railway station, and a port on the Black Sea.
5. Wine and History in Georgia
Georgia is renowned for its rich history and culture, and one of its most famous traditions is wine making. For centuries, Georgians have been producing some of the finest wines in the world, using traditional methods and local grapes. The country is home to over 500 varieties of grape, and the unique terroir of the region gives the wines a distinct flavor and aroma. Georgia is also the birthplace of the ancient wine-making technique of Kvevri, which involves fermenting the grapes in large clay vessels buried in the ground. This traditional method is still used today, and the wines produced are highly sought after by connoisseurs around the world.
6. The Jewish Community of A History and Legacy of Pride
The Jewish community of Georgia is renowned for its age and historical significance, with some sources claiming it to be one of the oldest in the world. This community has been present in the region since the 6th century, and has since grown to become an integral part of the country's culture and identity. Today, the Jewish population of Georgia is estimated to be around 10,000, with the majority living in the capital city of Tbilisi. The community is known for its vibrant culture, with a range of religious and cultural activities taking place throughout the year.
7. Georgia's Independence: A History in Pictures
In 1991, Georgia declared its independence from the Soviet Union, marking the end of a tumultuous period of Soviet rule and the beginning of a new era of self-governance for the country. This momentous event was celebrated by the people of Georgia, who had long sought freedom from the oppressive Soviet regime. The declaration of independence was a major milestone in the history of the nation, and it has since become a symbol of the country's resilience and determination.
8. The Likhi Range: A Land Divided in Two
Georgia is a country divided in two by the Likhi Range of mountains, a chain of peaks that stretches from the Black Sea in the west to the Caspian Sea in the east. This range of mountains, which reaches heights of up to 8,000 feet, is home to a variety of wildlife, including the Caucasian red deer, the golden jackal, and the Caucasian black grouse. The Likhi Range also serves as a natural border between the two halves of Georgia, providing a unique and beautiful landscape for visitors to explore.
9. The Dual Language Land: Georgian and Russian in Georgia
In the country of Georgia, Georgian is the most widely spoken language, with Russian coming in as a close second. This is due to the fact that Georgia was part of the Soviet Union until 1991, and Russian was the official language of the Soviet Union. As a result, many Georgians are bilingual, speaking both Georgian and Russian.
10. A Unique Country with a Unique Culture
Georgia is a unique country, situated in both Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north, Turkey and Armenia to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and the Black Sea to the west. This unique geographical location has allowed Georgia to develop a unique culture, blending elements of both Eastern European and Southwest Asian cultures.