1. A Country of Islam
Mauritania, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a predominantly Islamic nation where Arabic is the official language. However, other languages are also spoken in the country, including Pulaar, Soninke, French, and Wolof. Islam is the main religion of the country, with almost all of its citizens following the faith.
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2. Country rich in natural resources
Mauritania is a country rich in natural resources, with nearly 40% of its exports coming from iron ore, which is abundant in the region. Other resources include gold, gypsum, diamonds, copper, phosphate, and oil, all of which contribute to the country's economy. Mauritania is a major exporter of these resources, and the mining industry is a major contributor to the nation's GDP.
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3. A Desert Country with a Wild Side
Mauritania is a desert country located in the Sahara region of North Africa, making it hot, arid and dry with temperatures often reaching over 40°C. With frequent drought and low rainfall, the country is prone to water shortages and desertification. Despite this, the country is home to a variety of wildlife, including the endangered African Wild Dog, the Saharan Cheetah, and the Dorcas Gazelle.
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4. A Country of 12 Regions
Mauritania is a country located in the western region of the African continent, and is divided into 12 distinct regions. The capital district is located in the city of Nouakchott, which is situated on the Atlantic coast of the country. This city is the largest in Mauritania, and is home to a population of over one million people. It is a bustling hub of activity, with a variety of cultural and economic activities taking place. The city is also home to a number of important government buildings, including the Presidential Palace and the National Assembly.
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5. Diversity and Unity in Mauritania
Mauritania is a country with a diverse ethnic makeup, with 45% of the population being a mix of black and Maur, 28% Maur, and 27% black. All of the citizens of Mauritania are Muslim, making it a 100% Muslim country. This mix of ethnicities and religions creates a unique culture in Mauritania, one that is both diverse and unified.
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6. Islamic Law & Military Rule
Mauritania is a country with a legal system based on Islamic law and military rule. It has strong trading ties with a number of countries, including Japan, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Cote d’Ivoire, China, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. These countries are major trading partners of Mauritania, with the US and UK being the two largest. Trade between Mauritania and these countries is essential to the country's economy, with exports of iron ore, fish, and agricultural products being the main sources of income.
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7. Mauritania Plans to Exploit Offshore Reserves to Improve Lives
Mauritania is one of the world's poorest countries, but it is hoping to turn its fortunes around by tapping into its offshore reserves of oil and natural gas. This could be a major source of income for the country, and could help to improve the lives of its citizens. Mauritania has already begun to explore the potential of its offshore reserves, and is optimistic that it can use this resource to create a more prosperous future.
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8. A Country on the Rise
In 1960, Mauritania achieved a major milestone in her history when she gained her independence from France. This momentous event marked the end of French colonial rule in the country, and the beginning of a new era of self-governance and autonomy. Since then, Mauritania has continued to develop and progress, and is now a vibrant and diverse nation.
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9. Land of Extreme Elevation Differences
Mauritania is a country of extreme elevation differences, with its highest point, Kediet Ijill, reaching an impressive 9.15m, and its lowest point, Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha, plunging to a depth of 5m. This remarkable range of heights creates a unique and varied landscape, offering visitors a range of experiences from the highest peaks to the lowest depths.
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10. A Diverse Agricultural Hub
Mauritania is a country with a diverse agricultural sector, producing dates, sorghum, millet, corn, and rice, as well as raising cattle and sheep. Additionally, Mauritania has a number of industries, such as fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum, and exporting of iron ore, fish and fish products, and gold. These industries are integral to the country's economy, providing jobs and income to many of its citizens.