1. A Unique Country with a Unique System
The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small, landlocked nation nestled in the Himalayas between India and China. It is a unique country in that it follows a system of both Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy, with the current King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, ruling since 2008. The country is known for its commitment to Gross National Happiness, a philosophy that emphasizes the importance of spiritual and emotional wellbeing over material wealth.
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2. Bhutan, a small country with many names
Bhutan, a small country nestled in the Himalayas, has had many names throughout its history. It was known as Potente, Cambirasi, Broukpa, Lho Mon and Lhomen Khazi, each of which has its own unique meaning. Potente is derived from the Sanskrit word for 'powerful', Cambirasi is a combination of two words meaning 'river of stones', Broukpa is a Tibetan word meaning 'end of the earth', Lho Mon is a combination of two words meaning 'southern darkness' and Lhomen Khazi is a combination of two words meaning 'southern land of four approaches'.
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3. A Country with a Rich Cultural Heritage
Bhutan is a country with a rich cultural heritage, where the official language is Dzonkha, and Tibetan and Nepali dialects are also widely spoken. The majority of the population follows Lamaistic Buddhism, with Hinduism being the second most popular religion. This combination of languages and religions has created a unique and vibrant culture that is celebrated throughout the country.
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4. Ngultrum & Indian Rupee Accepted
In Bhutan, the official currency is the Ngultrum, however the Indian Rupee is also widely accepted. The Ngultrum is divided into 100 Chetrum and is issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000. The Indian Rupee is accepted in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000.
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5. Thimpu: Bhutan's Largest City
The majestic city of Thimpu, the national capital of Bhutan, is the largest city in the country. Located at an impressive elevation of 7,656 feet, Thimpu is a stunningly beautiful city, surrounded by the Himalayan Mountains and lush green valleys. It is a vibrant city, full of culture and tradition, and is home to many of Bhutan's most important government buildings and monuments.
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6. World's Only Tobacco-Free Nation
Bhutan is a unique nation in the world, as it is the only country to have completely banned the sale of tobacco. This ban was implemented in 2004, and has been strictly enforced ever since. The ban applies to all forms of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco. The ban is part of Bhutan's commitment to promoting a healthy lifestyle and protecting its citizens from the dangers of smoking.
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7. Bhutan's Unclimbed Mountain: 24,840 Feet
Bhutan is home to the highest unclimbed mountain in the world, Gangkhar Puensum, which stands at an impressive 24,840 feet. Despite numerous attempts, the mountain has yet to be conquered, making it a unique and challenging destination for experienced climbers. With its stunning views and untouched terrain, Gangkhar Puensum is a must-see for any adventure-seeker.
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8. Bhutan's Unique Climate
Bhutan is a country with a diverse climate, ranging from tropical in the southern plains to cool winters and hot summers in the central valleys, and severe winters and cool summers in the Himalayas. The temperature in the southern plains is typically warm and humid, while the central valleys experience a more temperate climate with cool winters and hot summers. In the Himalayas, the climate is much harsher, with severe winters and cool summers. No matter where you go in Bhutan, you're sure to experience a unique climate.
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9. A Country with a Diverse Range of Industries
Bhutan is a country with a diverse range of industries, from cement and wood products to processed fruits and alcoholic beverages. It is also a major exporter of electricity to India, as well as cardamom, gypsum, timber and handicrafts. Agriculture is the country's major industry, with rice, fruit and dairy production (yaks) playing a major role. Bhutan is also known for its production of cardamom, a spice used in many cuisines around the world, as well as gypsum, timber and handicrafts, which are popular souvenirs for tourists.
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10. Bhutan is the only country in the world with a carbon sink
Bhutan is a unique country in the world, as it is the only carbon sink, meaning it absorbs more carbon dioxide than it emits. This is due to its large forests and its commitment to environmental conservation. Additionally, Bhutan is the only country in the world whose largest exports are renewable energy, as it sells hydro-electrical power to its neighbors. This is a remarkable achievement, as it shows Bhutan's commitment to sustainability and its dedication to protecting the environment.