1. A Country of Contrasts
Sudan is a country of contrasts, with a vast desert in the north that is prone to periodic draughts and dust storms, yet the life-giving Nile River runs right through the country from the north to the south, dominating the northern portion. This river provides a vital source of water for the people of Sudan, yet the desert still remains a harsh and unforgiving environment. The draughts and dust storms that occur in the desert can be devastating, yet the Nile provides a lifeline for the people of Sudan.
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2. Sudan's Climate Varies Greatly
In Sudan, the climate varies greatly depending on the region. The northern plains are arid deserts, while the mountainous southern regions are more tropical. This difference in climate is due to the elevation of the southern regions, which allows for more moisture in the air and a more temperate climate.
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3. A Country of Diversity
Sudan is a country located in North-East Africa, bordered by nine other countries: Libya, Egypt, Kenya, Ethiopia, Chad, Uganda, the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Eritrea. These countries, which span from the Mediterranean Sea in the North to the Indian Ocean in the East, provide Sudan with a diverse range of cultures and landscapes. From the desert of Libya to the lush jungles of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan is surrounded by a variety of climates and cultures, making it a unique and fascinating place to visit.
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4. 95,000 children die from preventable diseases
In 2012, a staggering 95,000 children under the age of five in southern Sudan tragically lost their lives due to preventable diseases. This heartbreaking statistic highlights the need for improved healthcare in the region, as many of these deaths could have been avoided with the right medical attention and preventive measures. The situation in Sudan is dire, and it is essential that the international community takes action to ensure that these preventable deaths do not continue to occur.
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5. A culturally diverse country with two official languages
Sudan is a culturally diverse country, with over a hundred different languages spoken by the locals. However, the two official languages of the country are English and Arabic. This reflects the country's rich history, with influences from both African and Middle Eastern cultures.
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6. Ox-driven water wheel still in operation in Sudan 400 BC
In Sudan, an ox-driven water wheel has been in operation since 400 BC, and it continues to play a crucial role in the country's economy today. This ancient technology is still used to irrigate crops, provide drinking water, and generate electricity, making it an invaluable asset to the people of Sudan. It is a testament to the ingenuity of the Sudanese people, who have been able to maintain and improve upon this technology for centuries.
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7. Sudan celebrates National Day with stark contrast
On 1st January 1956, Sudan celebrated its National Day, a day that marks the stark contrast between the two regions of the country. South Sudan is predominantly Christian, with a tribal government, while North Sudan is governed according to the Islamic Sharia law. This religious and governmental divide has been a defining feature of Sudan since its independence, and continues to shape the country today.
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8. 69% Adult Literacy Rate, Girls More Likely to Die
In Sudan, the adult literacy rate is a concerning 69%, and the situation is even more dire for girls. Not only are they less likely to complete their primary school education, but they are also more likely to die during childbirth or pregnancy than when trying to complete their primary school. This highlights the need for greater access to education and healthcare for girls in Sudan.
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9. A Country Rich in Natural Resources
Sudan is a country rich in natural resources, boasting copper, chromium ore, petroleum, zinc, iron ore, hydropower, mica, tungsten, silver and gold. These resources have been a major source of economic growth for the country, with copper and chromium ore being the most abundant. Petroleum is also a major resource, with small reserves of iron ore, hydropower and mica, tungsten, silver and gold also present. This wealth of resources has enabled Sudan to become a major player in the global economy, and has helped to drive its development.
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10. Lack of water causes devastating effects
The people of Sudan are facing a dire situation due to inadequate access to portable water supplies. This lack of water has caused periodic droughts, soil erosion, and desertification, all of which have had a devastating effect on the country. To make matters worse, the wildlife population is also threatened due to excessive hunting. These issues have caused a great deal of suffering for the people of Sudan, and it is essential that steps are taken to address them.
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