John Bardeen was born on May 23, 1908 in Madison, Wisconsin.
He graduated from Madison Central High School in 1923. He graduated with a B.S in electrical engineering in 1928.
From 1930 to 1933, John Bardeen worked under Professor Leo J. Peters at the Gulf Research Laboratories in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on the development of methods for the interpretation of magnetic and gravitation surveys.
He first became interested in solid state physics under the leadership of Professor E.P Wigner at Princeton University when he took by mathematical physics. He was awarded the PhD in 1936.
Dr. Bardeen’s main fields of research since 1945 have been electrical conduction in semiconductors and metals ad diffusion of atoms in solids.
He was among the handful of American physicists who first applied this theory to real (rather than ideal) materials.
In 1956 John Bardeen and William B. Shockley and Walter H. Brattain shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for their joint invention of the transistor.
He was appointed Professor of Electrical Engineering and of Physics at the University of Illinois in 1951.
Dr. Bardeen received the Nobel Prize for Physics again with Leon N. Cooper and John R. Schrieffer for development of the theory of superconductivity.
John Bardeen died on 30th January, 1991 of cancer.
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