#### 1. A Life in Science

The renowned physicist Richard Feynman was born on May 11, 1918 in Manhattan, New York. He was born into a middle-class Jewish family and grew up in Far Rockaway, Queens. Feynman went on to become one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century, winning the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965 for his work in quantum electrodynamics. He was also known for his work in particle physics, the philosophy of science, and for his teaching and popular science books. Feynman's life and work have been the subject of numerous books, films, and documentaries.

**Also** → The Legacy of Hans Bethe

#### 2. A Master of Mathematics and Physics

In 1939, Richard Feynman achieved a major milestone in his academic career when he graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a Bachelor's degree. This was a significant accomplishment for Feynman, who had already shown a remarkable aptitude for mathematics and physics during his time at MIT. His degree from MIT would serve as the foundation for his later successes, including his Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965.

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#### 3. The Perfect Score

In 1942, Richard Feynman achieved an incredible feat by obtaining a perfect score on the graduate school entrance exams to Princeton University in both mathematics and physics. This remarkable accomplishment allowed him to pursue his PhD at Princeton, which he successfully completed that same year. His perfect score on the entrance exams was unprecedented, and it opened the door for Feynman to become one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century.

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#### 4. The Manhattan Project: The Story of a Genius

In 1942, renowned physicist Richard Feynman joined the top-secret US Army project known as the Manhattan Project, which was based at Los Alamos, New Mexico. His mission was to help develop the world's first atomic bomb, a weapon of mass destruction that would ultimately be used to end World War II. Feynman's work on the project was instrumental in the successful completion of the bomb, and his contributions to the field of physics were forever changed by his involvement in the Manhattan Project.

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#### 5. Richard Feynman and the Bethe-Feynman Formula

The renowned physicist Richard Feynman was a junior physicist under the tutelage of Hans Bethe, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist. Together, they developed the Bethe-Feynman formula, a groundbreaking equation for calculating the yield of a nuclear fission bomb. This formula was a major breakthrough in the field of nuclear physics and was a key factor in the development of the atomic bomb. Feynman's work with Bethe was a major milestone in his career and helped to cement his reputation as one of the greatest physicists of the 20th century.

**Also** → Max Planck: The Father of Quantum Theory

#### 6. The Life and Work of Richard Feynman

After the war, Richard Feynman joined Cornell University as a professor of theoretical physics, where he taught from 1945 to 1950. During this time, he made significant contributions to the field, including his work on the Wheeler-Feynman absorber theory. After leaving Cornell, Feynman moved to California Institute of Technology (Caltech), where he continued his research and made even more groundbreaking discoveries, such as his Nobel Prize-winning work on quantum electrodynamics.

**Also** → Dirac, one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century

#### 7. The Nobel Prize-Winning Physicist

In 1965, Richard Feynman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his groundbreaking work in quantum electrodynamics. His research, conducted in collaboration with Julian Schwinger and Sin-ltiro Tomonaga, revolutionized the field and laid the foundation for modern quantum mechanics. Feynman's contributions to the development of quantum electrodynamics were so significant that he was awarded the Nobel Prize alongside Schwinger and Tomonaga, making them the first trio to receive the honor.

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#### 8. The Feynman Diagrams that Revolutionized Quantum Mechanics

The renowned physicist Richard Feynman developed a revolutionary pictorial scheme for the mathematical calculations of subatomic particles, known as Feynman diagrams. This scheme allowed for a more intuitive understanding of the behavior of these particles, and has since become an essential tool in the field of quantum mechanics. Feynman diagrams are now used by physicists around the world to help them better understand the behavior of subatomic particles.

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#### 9. The Greatest Physicist of All Time

In 1999, the British journal Physics World conducted a poll to determine the ten greatest physicists of all time, and the renowned physicist Richard Feynman was ranked among them. His contributions to the field of physics, such as his work on quantum electrodynamics, the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, and the theory of superfluidity, have earned him a place in the annals of history as one of the most influential scientists of all time.

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#### 10. A Life in Science

The renowned physicist Richard Feynman passed away on February 15, 1988 in Los Angeles, California. Feynman was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist who made significant contributions to the fields of quantum mechanics, particle physics, and the development of the atomic bomb. He was also known for his work on the Challenger Space Shuttle disaster and his popular books, such as "Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!" and "What Do You Care What Other People Think?". His death was a great loss to the scientific community and his legacy will continue to live on.

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