She advanced the technique of X-ray crystallography, a method used to determine the three dimensional structures of biomolecules.
Among her most influential discoveries are the confirmation of the structure of penicillin that Ernst Boris Chain and Edward Abraham had previously surmised, and then the structure of vitamin B12, for which she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Apart from the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1964, she was the second woman recipient of the Order of Merit in 1965 (preceded only by Florence Nightingale), the first woman recipient of the Copley Medal, a Fellow of the Royal Society, a winner of the Lenin Peace Prize, and was Chancellor of Bristol University from 1970 to 1988. She was awarded an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Science) from the University of Bath in 1978.
was a British biochemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry twice
was an American biochemist who became the third woman—and first American woman—to win a Nobel Prize in science
Ahmed Hassan Zewail is an Egyptian scientist
was an American scientist in the field of genetics, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Nobel laureate who with Edward Lawrie Tatum discovered the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells in 1958.
Antony Hewish FRS is a British radio astronomer who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974 (together with fellow radio-astronomer Martin Ryle) for his work on the development of radio aperture synthesis and its role in the discovery of pulsars
Was an eminent German chemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1902 and was best known for his influential research regarding the purines and the carbohydrates.
Was a German physicist who won the 1914 Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of X-ray crystallography which helps in determining the arrangement of atoms in some substances.
was an American scientist and the 1983 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
Was an American chemist, bio-chemist, author, educator and peace-activist.