Frederick Hopkins was born on June 20, 1861 at Eastbourne, Sussex, England.
In 1871 Hopkins went to the City of London School. He published a paper in The Entomologist on the bombardier beetle at the age of 17.
He graduated in 1894 in medicine and taught physiology and toxicology at Guy’s hospital for four years.
He became a Fellow of Trinity College and an Honorary Fellow of Emmanuel College in 1910. His outstanding contributions to science included his discovery of a method for isolating tryptophan and for identifying its structure.
Hopkins was awarded the Royal Medal of the Royal Society in 1918 and the Copley Medal of the Royal Society in 1926.
Frederick Hopkins was knighted in 1925 and received the Order of Merit in 1935.
He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1929 in Physiology or Medicine, with Christiaan Eijkman for the discovery of vitamins.
Hopkins will be remembers for his recognition of the necessity for adequate nutrition of certain then unknown substances present in only small traces in natural fresh foods – now familiar as a household word as vitamins.
From 1930 to 1935 he was President of the Royal Society. During this period he exerted great influence on his contemporaries.
Hopkins died in 1947 at the age of 86 in Cambridge.
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