He was the first Pakistani to win the Nobel Prize and the first Muslim to win the Nobel Prize in science.
He received the Smith's Prize in 1950 from Cambridge University for his outstanding pre-doctoral contribution in physics.
When he died in 1996, at least 30,000 people attended his funeral.
He played an important role in the development for Pakistan's peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Some of his major contributions include gravity theory and its role in particle physics and the Pati-Salam model.
He has received over two dozen awards, including the Hopkins Prize, the Hughes Medal and the Einstein Medal.
Often regarded as the father of Pakistan's school of theoretical physics, students, who are now scientists, have said nothing but good things about him.
He was known to be a devout Muslim and even quoted some verses from the Quran during his Nobel Prize acceptance speech.
He was the founder of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste in 1964 and was its director until 1993.
While studying for his doctorate, he was given the task to solve an intractable problem that his superiors could not; he solved it in 6 months.
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