Ten fun facts about Barbara McClintock

Fact 1
She was one of the world's most distinguished cytogeneticists.

Fact 2
McClintock received her PhD in botany from Cornell University in 1927. There she started her career as the leader in the development of maize cytogenetics, the focus of her research for the rest of her life.

Fact 3
She was recognized among the best in the field, awarded prestigious fellowships, and elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1944.

Fact 4
Awards and recognition for her contributions to the field followed, including the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, awarded to her in 1983 for the discovery of genetic transposition; she is the only woman to receive an unshared Nobel Prize in that category.

Fact 5
In 1930, McClintock was the first person to describe the cross-shaped interaction of homologous chromosomes during meiosis.

Fact 6
McClintock's breakthrough publications, and support from her colleagues, led to her being awarded several postdoctoral fellowships from the National Research Council.

Fact 7
McClintock was widely credited for discovering transposition after other researchers finally discovered the process in bacteria, yeast, and bacteriophages in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Fact 8
In 1947, McClintock received the Achievement Award from the American Association of University Women.

Fact 9
In 1967, McClintock was awarded the Kimber Genetics Award.

Fact 10
She was given the National Medal of Science by Richard Nixon in 1970.

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Short about Barbara McClintock
was an American scientist and the 1983 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine