1. 20th century: The beginning of human exploration of space
The 20th century marked the beginning of human exploration of space, starting with high-altitude balloon flights and eventually leading to the first manned rocket launches. These pioneering missions paved the way for further exploration of the universe, allowing us to gain a better understanding of our place in the cosmos. Today, space exploration continues to be an important part of our scientific and technological advancement, with new discoveries being made every day.
2. The History of Space Exploration
In 1961, Yuri Gagarin of the Soviet Union made history by becoming the first human to ever orbit the Earth. Since then, unmanned spacecraft have been sent to explore the Solar System, reaching all of the known planets. This incredible feat of space exploration has allowed us to gain a greater understanding of our Solar System and the universe beyond.
3. Space is full of wonders
Space is far from empty; it is filled with a hard vacuum containing a low density of particles, such as a plasma of hydrogen and helium, electromagnetic radiation, magnetic fields, and neutrinos. This vacuum is not completely devoid of matter, but instead is filled with a low density of particles that are essential to the universe. These particles, such as the plasma of hydrogen and helium, electromagnetic radiation, magnetic fields, and neutrinos, are essential to the universe and its many wonders.
4. Universe Temp: The Big Bang Effect
The temperature of the universe is determined by the background radiation from the Big Bang, which is estimated to be 2.7 kelvin (K). This temperature is known as the baseline temperature, and is the coldest temperature that can be achieved in the universe. It is so cold that it is close to absolute zero, which is the lowest temperature that can be reached. This temperature is so low that it is almost impossible to measure, and is the starting point for all other temperatures in the universe.
5. Explore Space for Peace: Outer Space Treaty.
The Outer Space Treaty, passed by the United Nations in 1967, established the framework for international space law. This treaty prohibits any nation from claiming sovereignty over space, and instead allows all countries to explore and use space for peaceful purposes. The treaty also outlines the responsibilities of nations when it comes to space exploration, such as the obligation to avoid contamination of celestial bodies, and the responsibility to ensure that space activities are conducted in a manner that is safe and does not harm other nations. The Outer Space Treaty has been a cornerstone of international space law for over 50 years, and continues to be a major factor in the exploration and use of space.
6. How to Survive in Outer Space
Exploring outer space is a daunting task for humans due to the extreme conditions of vacuum and radiation. The vacuum of space presents a unique challenge as it is a hostile environment for humans, as the lack of air pressure can cause bodily fluids to boil and cause death. Additionally, the radiation in space is hazardous to humans, as it can cause damage to cells and DNA, leading to cancer and other illnesses. These dual hazards make space exploration a difficult and dangerous endeavor.
7. Unmanned space exploration continues to push boundaries
Manned space travel has been limited to low Earth orbit and the Moon, while unmanned vehicles have ventured further into the Solar System. Astronauts have explored the Moon, and robotic probes have been sent to explore the planets, moons, and other objects in our Solar System. The furthest a spacecraft has ever travelled is the Voyager 1 probe, which is now over 13 billion miles away from Earth. Despite the incredible distances travelled, space exploration is still in its infancy, and there is much more to be discovered.
8. The Moon Treaty: A Major Milestone in Space Exploration
In 1979, the Moon Treaty was signed, making the surfaces of planets, as well as the orbital space around them, the jurisdiction of the international community. This treaty was a major milestone in space exploration, as it established a legal framework for the use of celestial bodies and their resources. It also provided a basis for the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, and set out guidelines for the protection of the environment in space. The treaty has been ratified by several countries, and is an important part of international space law.
9. Voyager 1 becomes first human-made object to enter interstellar space
In August 2012, history was made when Voyager 1 became the first man-made craft to enter interstellar space. This remarkable feat was achieved after a 35-year journey, during which the spacecraft travelled a total of 19 billion kilometres from Earth. Voyager 1 is now the most distant human-made object in the universe, and is expected to continue its journey for another 40,000 years.
10. Ancient Chinese thinkers advanced understanding of space
In ancient China, there were various schools of thought concerning the nature of the heavens. These schools of thought had similarities to the modern understanding of space, with some believing that the heavens were infinite and others believing that the heavens were finite. These ancient Chinese theories of the heavens were incredibly advanced for their time, and many of their ideas still hold relevance today.