1. Harry S. Truman, the 33rd President of the United States
Harry S. Truman, the 33rd President of the United States, was born in Lamar, Missouri on May 8, 1884. He was the oldest of three children born to John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman. After serving in World War I, Truman entered politics and eventually became the Vice President under Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945. After Roosevelt's death in April 1945, Truman became the 33rd President of the United States. He served until 1953 and is remembered for his decisive leadership during the Korean War and the Cold War. Truman passed away on December 26, 1972 in Kansas City, Missouri at the age of 88.
2. 33rd President of the United States: Harry S. Truman
On April 12th, 1945, Harry S. Truman became the 33rd President of the United States after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman had been Roosevelt's running mate in the 1944 election, and was thrust into the role of President when Roosevelt passed away due to ill health. This marked the first time in American history that a Vice President had succeeded to the Presidency due to the death of the incumbent.
3. WWII to Cold War
Under the presidency of Harry S. Truman, the United States brought an end to World War II, but the aftermath of the war created a political tension between the United States and the Soviet Union that eventually led to the Cold War. This Cold War was a period of intense geopolitical rivalry between the two superpowers, which lasted for nearly five decades and had a profound impact on global politics. Truman's decisive action in ending the war and his handling of the Cold War are seen as two of his most important contributions to American history.
4. A War Hero and President
Harry S. Truman was a decorated war hero who served in the First World War as an artillery officer in his National Guard unit. He saw combat in France, where he was commended for his bravery and leadership. Truman was awarded the rank of Captain and the French Croix de Guerre for his service. His experience in the war would later shape his foreign policy decisions as President of the United States.
5. A Progressive Leader in American Politics
Harry S. Truman began his political career in 1922 when he was elected as a county officer in Jackson County, Missouri. His success in this role led to his election as a U.S Senator in 1934, representing the state of Missouri. During his time in the Senate, Truman was a strong advocate for the New Deal and the Fair Labor Standards Act, which established the 40-hour work week and minimum wage. He also supported the creation of the United Nations and the Marshall Plan, which provided economic aid to Europe after World War II. Truman's political career was marked by his commitment to progressive policies and his dedication to the people of Missouri.
6. Truman Committee: Champion of Fiscal Responsibility
Harry S. Truman rose to prominence during World War II when he chaired the Truman Committee, a special investigative committee that exposed fraud, waste, and corruption in the government's wartime contracts. The committee's work was instrumental in saving the government millions of dollars and earned Truman a reputation as a champion of fiscal responsibility. Truman's efforts were widely praised and helped to launch his political career, leading to his eventual election as the 33rd President of the United States.
7. Truman Ends War With Atomic Energy
Harry S. Truman's decision to use atomic energy against Japan during World War II was a controversial one, but it ultimately led to a swift end to the war. The use of atomic energy was seen as a drastic measure, and it caused a great deal of debate among the public and political leaders. Despite the controversy, Truman's decision was ultimately successful in bringing the war to a close.
8. A Leader in Internationalism
During his term as President, Harry S. Truman adopted an internationalist foreign policy, working closely with the European allies to promote peace and stability around the world. This marked a significant shift from the more isolationist foreign policy of his predecessor, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman's foreign policy was based on the idea of collective security, which sought to prevent the spread of communism and protect the interests of the United States and its allies. He also worked to create the United Nations, a global organization dedicated to maintaining international peace and security. Truman's foreign policy was ultimately successful, helping to create a more stable and secure world.
9. A President Who Worked Closely with Congress
Harry S. Truman was a president who worked closely with Congress to achieve his goals. He was instrumental in the formation of the United Nations, and passed the Marshall Plan, a $13 billion initiative to rebuild Europe after World War II. He also issued the Truman Doctrine, a policy to combat the spread of communism. His close relationship with Congress enabled him to make these important decisions and shape the world as we know it today.
10. Creator of Post-WWII Initiatives
Harry S. Truman was a key figure in the creation of two major post-WWII initiatives: the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Berlin Airlift. As President of the United States, Truman was instrumental in the formation of NATO, a military alliance between the United States, Canada, and several European countries. He also oversaw the Berlin Airlift, a massive effort to supply food and other necessities to the citizens of West Berlin, who were cut off from the rest of the world by the Soviet Union. Truman's actions helped to ensure the safety and security of the citizens of West Berlin, and laid the groundwork for the eventual reunification of Germany.