He has been called, along with James George Frazer and Franz Boas, the “father of modern anthropology”.
The work of Lévi-Strauss was also key in the development of the theory of structuralism and structural anthropology.
Along with Jacques Maritain, Henri Focillon, and Roman Jakobson, he was a founding member of the École Libre des Hautes Études, a sort of university-in-exile for French academics.
While Lévi-Strauss was well known in academic circles, in 1955 he became one of France's best known intellectuals by publishing Tristes Tropiques.
Lévi-Strauss was named to a chair in Social Anthropology at the Collège de France in 1959. At roughly the same time he published Structural Anthropology, a collection of his essays which provided both examples and programmatic statements about structuralism.
In 1962, Lévi-Strauss published what is for many people his most important work, La Pensée Sauvage, translated into English as The Savage Mind.
He was honored by universities throughout the world and held the chair of Social Anthropology at the Collège de France (1959–1982), and was elected a member of the Académie française in 1973.
According to Lévi-Strauss, the “savage” mind had the same structures as the “civilized” mind and that human characteristics are the same everywhere.
Lévi-Strauss and his wife, Dina,a trained ethnographer did their anthropological work in Brazil from 1935 to 1939. They first studied the Guaycuru and Bororo Indian tribes, staying among them for a couple of days.
In 1938 they returned for a second, more than half-year-long expedition to study the Nambikwara and Tupi-Kawahib societies.
Was an anthropologist of German-American descent.
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Was a naturalist from France and a propagator of the theory that evolution transpires in tandem with the natural laws.
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Is a French actress and also a model who is known outside France as well for her roles in English movies.
The capital of France.