1. Haeckel: The Artist and The Scientist
Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel was born on February 16, 1834 in the city of Potsdam, Prussia. He was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, and artist who was a major proponent of Darwin's theory of evolution. Haeckel was a prolific writer, publishing over 100 papers and books on topics ranging from zoology to philosophy. He was also a renowned artist, creating detailed illustrations of the organisms he studied. His work had a major influence on the development of modern biology and helped to popularize the theory of evolution.
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2. A Biography
In 1852, Ernst Haeckel graduated from the Domgymnasium at Merseburg, a prestigious school in Germany. After completing his studies, Haeckel went on to become a renowned biologist, naturalist, and philosopher, making significant contributions to the fields of evolutionary biology and ecology. His work on the evolutionary relationships between organisms, as well as his research on the morphology of organisms, has had a lasting impact on the scientific community.
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3. Haeckel's Dilemma
In 1857, Ernst Haeckel was granted a doctorate in medicine from the University of Berlin. However, two years later, he decided to abandon his career as a physician and instead pursue an education and career in the field of zoology. This decision would prove to be a defining moment in his life, as he would go on to become one of the most influential zoologists of the 19th century.
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4. Haeckel's Invertebrate Zoology
Ernst Haeckel was a renowned German biologist and professor of comparative anatomy who specialized in the study of invertebrates such as sponges, annelids, and radiolarians. He began his career in 1862 when he was appointed professor of comparative anatomy at the University of Jena, where he had trained under Carl Gegenbauer for three years prior. Haeckel's work in the field of invertebrate zoology was groundbreaking, and his discoveries and theories continue to be studied and discussed today.
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5. Haeckel and Darwin: A Meeting of Minds
In 1866 and 1867, Ernst Haeckel had the opportunity to meet the renowned naturalist Charles Darwin when he embarked on an extended journey to the Canary Islands. During this time, Haeckel was able to discuss Darwin's theories of evolution and natural selection with him, and gain a greater understanding of the scientific principles that would later shape his own work. This experience was a pivotal moment in Haeckel's life, and it is clear that the influence of Darwin's ideas had a lasting impact on his own scientific pursuits.
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6. Haeckel's Legacy: The Evolution of Concepts
Ernst Haeckel was a pioneering biologist who was one of the first to consider psychology as a branch of physiology. He was also a prolific coiner of terms, introducing such concepts as "phylum", "Anthropogeny", "phylogency" and "ecology" to the scientific lexicon. His work in the fields of evolutionary biology, comparative anatomy and psychology helped to shape the way we understand the natural world today.
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7. Haeckel's Monographs on the Deep-Sea Keratosa
In 1887 - 1889, Ernst Haeckel completed a series of long zoological monographs, which focused on the deep-sea keratosa, radiolarians and siphonophores collected during the Challenger expedition. This expedition was a pioneering oceanographic voyage that took place between 1872 and 1876, and was the first to systematically explore the depths of the world's oceans. Haeckel's monographs provided a detailed analysis of the specimens collected during the expedition, and were a major contribution to the field of zoology.
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8. Haeckel - The Man Who Saw the Future
Ernst Haeckel was a renowned German biologist and naturalist who was highly respected in the scientific community. He was the recipient of numerous honors, including the prestigious Darwin Medal from the Royal Society of London, the Linnean Medal from the Linnean Society of London, and the Order of Merit from the German Emperor. He was also awarded honorary doctorates from the universities of Jena, Rostock, and Breslau. Haeckel's contributions to the field of biology were immense, and his legacy continues to be celebrated today.
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9. The Man Who Gave Evolution a New Name
In 1907, Ernst Haeckel was awarded the title of Excellency by Kaiser Wilhelm II, and the following year he was presented with the highly esteemed Darwin-Wallace Medal by the Linnean Society of London. This prestigious award is only given out once every 50 years, and is a testament to Haeckel's immense contribution to the field of evolutionary biology.
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10. Haeckel's Legacy
Ernst Haeckel, a renowned German biologist, retired from teaching in 1909 and withdrew from the Evangelical church in 1910. After a decade of retirement, he passed away on August 9, 1919. His contributions to the field of biology, such as his work on the evolutionary history of organisms, have had a lasting impact on the scientific community.