He was born Gaius Octavius into an old and wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian Octavii family, but adopted posthumously in 44 BC by his maternal great-uncle Gaius Julius Caesar following Caesar's assassination.
Together with Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus, he formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Eventually, the Triumvirate began to battle each other for power.
With Marc Antony dead, he was the most powerful man in Rome.
was a Roman general, statesman, Consul and notable author of Latin prose.
was the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
was a Gallo-Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain.
Titus Lucretius Carus was a Roman poet and philosopher.
was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.
A city and special comune of Italy.
is the largest city in Texas, and the fourth largest in the United States of America.
Founder of the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century.
A sovereign city-state within the city of Rome.