Ten fun facts about Karl Landsteiner


Fact 1
He is noted for having first distinguished the main blood groups in 1900.

Fact 2
He developed the modern system of classification of blood groups from his identification of the presence of agglutinins in the blood.

Fact 3
He identified, with Alexander S. Wiener, the Rhesus factor, in 1937, enabling physicians to transfuse blood without endangering the patient′s life.


Fact 4
With Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, he discovered the polio virus, in 1909.

Fact 5
In 1930 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Fact 6
He was awarded a Lasker Award in 1946 posthumously.

Fact 7
He also published a number of papers, five of them being published in Dutch by the Royal Academy of Sciences.

Fact 8
In the field of bacteriology Landsteiner and Clara Nigg succeeded in 1930–1932 in culturing Rickettsia prowazekii, the causative agent of typhus, on living media.

Fact 9
He is recognized as the father of transfusion medicine.

Fact 10
In recognition of this groundbreaking discovery, which proved to be the basis for the fight against polio, he was posthumously inducted into the Polio Hall of Fame at Warm Springs, Georgia, which was dedicated in January 1958.


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Short about Karl Landsteiner
was an Austrian biologist and physician.

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