James Abram Garfield was born on November 19, 1831 and died on September 19, 1881.
He completed 9 successive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, from 1863 to 1881 before becoming a president.
Garfield's achievements as President included a debatable reappearance of Presidential power above Senatorial courtesy in executive activities that energized U.S. naval power and purged dishonesty in the Post Office Department.
Garfield made noteworthy diplomatic and judiciary appointments, including a U.S. Supreme Court justice and also appointed numerous African-Americans to notable federal positions.
He completed his higher education at Williams College, Massachusetts and graduated in 1856.
Garfield resisted Confederate secession, was a Major General in the Union Army in the American Civil War, and fought in the wars of Middle Creek, Shiloh and Chickamauga.
He was first selected in the Congress as Representative (1862) of the 19th District of Ohio.
President James Garfield was shot by assassin Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881. Garfield was the second of 4 presidents who were assassinated.
Garfield's presidency lasted just 200 days, from March 4, 1881 till his death on September 19, 1881.
President Garfield supported a bi-metal economic system, agricultural knowledge, a knowledgeable electorate and civil rights for African Americans.
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Was the 20th President of the United States of America.
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